Visiting Gallipoli is much more than a historic sightseeing. It makes one reflect on the values that makes the people a nation. Dardanelles Campaign, a turning point in Turkish history was started with an intention to open a supply route to Russia by the British Empire. This led to fierce war known as the Gallipoli Campaign or as Canakkale Battle in Turkish. To eliminate the Ottoman Empire by invading Istanbul, the Allied forces had to get control of the Dardanelles first. Therefore, they leaned on Dardanelles with a huge fleet, but they decided to land troops when they understood that the strait was impassable. Gallipoli battle was a wake-up for Turkish nation, and as for Ataturk, he started for his inevitable destiny that would make him the incredible commander of the Turkish War of Independence and finally founder of Turkish Republic. The War is also important for Australians and New Zealanders who were at Gallipoli to fight against the Ottoman Empire. The date of the landing, 25 April is known as the ANZAC (Australian and New Zealand Army Corps) day. Gallipoli war zones in the World War I are accepted as one of the most important spots to affect the history of the world and they are covered in UNESCO World Heritage List in 2014.
‘’Stop Passerby! This soil you thus tread unawares is where an age sank bow and listen, this quiet mound is where the heart of a nation throbs.’’