A geological wonderland or another planet? Cappadocia is the name of an ancient region located in the central Anatolia. The beautiful Cappadocia region has this appearance for millions of years. It is believed to be formed by ancient volcanoes in the region. Cappadocia meaning the land of the beautiful horses was first inhabited by Assyrian traders around 19C BC. Later it was home to Hittite Kingdom, Persians made Cappadocia a province through which passed the famous persian royal road, Cappadocia avoided submitting to Alexander the Great. After 17 AD it became a roman province and later followed by Byzantine, Seljuk, Ottoman and Turkish periods.